Bicentennial anniversary of Napoleon’s arrival in St Helena [fr]
For the anniversary of Napoleon’s arrival on the Island 200 years ago, several celebrations have been organised in St Helena by the local authorities, the Fondation Napoléon, British authorities and by the National Domains of St Helena (Les Domaines nationaux de Sainte-Hélène), which is under the administration of the French ministry of foreign affairs and international development.
The National Domains of St Helena is composed of three distinct sites (the first two sites were purchased by France in 1858 and the last one was a donation to France in 1959):
- Longwood House, the residence of Napoleon during his exile on the island from 1815 until his death; and the annexes of Longwood where most of his companions lived.
- The Valley of the Tomb, where Napoleon’s body lay since his death in 1821 until the day in 1840 when his ashes were transferred to France;
- The Briars, the small pavilion where Napoleon stayed for the first two months of his exile, between October and December 1815.
On 10 October 2015, a ceremony took place in the Valley of the Tomb. Ambassador Jean Mendelson, representative of the French Minister of Foreign affairs and international development, Mr Mark Capes, Governor of St Helena and Mr. Victor-André Masséna, President of the Fondation Napoleon, laid a wreath on Napoleon’s tomb Napoleon’s even though his remains are no longer there.
On 14 October, Ambassador Mendelson, Governor Capes and Mr Masséna signed a partnership agreement which sets out the new operating conditions of the National Domains. These domains have been restored by the international fund ‘Saving Napoleon’s House on St Helena’, launched by the Fondation Napoelon, and supported by the Ministry of foreign affairs and international development. Thanks to this agreement, the Domains will be handled by a private-law foundation from St Helena.
Two ships from the British navy will moor off the cost of Jamestown to celebrate the 200th anniversary of Napoleon’s arrival on the island.